Robust Design & CO2 Protocol
Robust design is a means to reduce CO2 emissions. The section below will bring perspectives on how to reduce CO2 emissions by robust design. The RD8 services targets scope 2 and 3 (none of the services affect scope 1).
RD8 sustainability levers – 5 levers to reduce CO2 emissions by design.
Details of each lever are described in the table below and the sections further down on this page.
The intended effect of the RD8 Robust Design levers is shown in the graph below.
The intend is to lower primarily scope 2 and scope 3 emissions by Robust Design product and production system optimizations. For more info about the baseline have a look here.
The effect of CO2 reductions are product dependent. See examples of the drivers for CO2 effects in the sections below and in the sub-articles for more in-depth information.
The table below shows Robust Design services for engineering professionals to lower CO2 emissions by design.
|RD8 ENABLING SERVICE||GHG PROTOCOL SCOPE||SCIENCE BASED TARGET EXAMPLES|
|PRODUCTION PROCESS CHANGE||SCOPE 2||CO2 reductions by change to less CO2 consuming part-manufacturing processes||5%-20%|
|PRODUCTION EFFICIENCY||SCOPE 2||CO2 reductions by producing more with the same. Lowers CO2 emissions per product made.||10%-30%|
|CO2 REDUCTIONS BY MATERIAL REPLACEMENT||SCOPE 3||CO2 reductions by material replacement. See more here.||5%-90%|
|OPTIMIZATION OF OVER ENGINEERED DESIGNS||SCOPE 3||CO2 reductions by material optimization (less kg material used per product).||5%-20%|
|SCRAP REDUCTION||SCOPE 3||CO2 reductions by preventing material waste in production.||50%-75%|
|DIS- & RE-ASSEMBLY||SCOPE 3||CO2 reductions by increased product lifetime by enablement of product disassembly and reassembly.||25%-75%|
|SPARE PARTS & SERVICE ENABLEMENT||SCOPE 3||CO2 reductions by increased lifetime. CO2 emissions per year is lowered as product lifetime is increased.||25%-75%|
|INCREASE PRODUCT LIFETIME||SCOPE 3||CO2 reductions by increased lifetime. CO2 emissions per year is lowered as product lifetime is increased.||25%-75%|
|ENERGY OPTIMIZATION||SCOPE 3||CO2 reductions by increased product efficiency.||1%-10%|
The Greenhouse Gas Protocol
Setting the scene.
The standards within the GHG Protocol are the world’s most widely used greenhouse gas accounting standards. It provides a framework for businesses, governments, and other entities to measure and report their greenhouse gas emissions in ways that support their missions and goals.
A short video introduction to the Greenhouse Gas Protocol – a “global standardized frameworks to measure and manage greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from private and public sector operations, value chains and mitigation actions“
Scope 1, 2 & 3
From an operations point of view, CO2 emissions are classified by “scope 1, 2 and 3” – defined by Greenhouse Gas Protocol and often referred to – e.g. by EPA (the United States Environmental Protection Agency) – illustrated below by GHGP.
RD8 supports “Reporting companies” to lower emissions in primarily Scope 2 and Scope 3.
CO2 emissions from production companies is primary from scope 2 and 3 sources
The primary scopes which typically covers +90% of production companies CO2 emissions are targeted by RD8 services.
A brief look across product development and production companies shows that the primary drivers for CO2 emissions are scope 2 and 3. This is based upon looking at the baselines in companies’ latest sustainability / ESG reports. In some reports it was not possible to distinguish between scope 1 and 2 emission – in these cases data have been pooled together.
Scope 3 is by far the primary source to target for CO2 reductions. Read more about the scopes and how RD8 services affect the different scopes. The Novo Nordisk case is the one sample with the lowest Scope 2 and Scope 3 coverage. Novo Nordisk differentiates from the rest of the cases – probably due to that Novo Nordisk does do not only sell mechanical devices but also drugs.
A lot of the low-hanging fruits like reusing exhaust energy in production, installing solar panels, sorting garbage, reducing paper user, reduction of one-time cutlery, etc. which is actually not about the core of the companies business have been implemented.
RD8 services target the actual product – the core – and the actual, primary, source of CO2 emissions. With respect to the Greenhouse Gas Emissions Protocol RD8 services target scope 2 and 3, especially scope 3.
We work with partners specializing in ESG/CSR to support ESG/CSR strategy, reporting, baselining, and much more.
Scope 2: How Robust Design plays a central role in lowering energy consumption in production by mechanical design
Lowering of CO2 emissions from purchased electricity, steam, heating & cooling.
Scope 3: Reduction of scope 3 CO2 emissions by robust design
Lowering of CO2 emissions form processing energy, scrap & use of sold products.
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