Real Green Product Development - RD8
RD8 strives towards lowering CO2 emissions by robust design

Real Green Product Development


Systematic Reduction of CO2 Emissions to enable CSR/ESG targets by Robust Design

Green Materials

We believe in more than 30% CO2 emissions reduction by material substitution from virgin to green materials - enabled by robust design

Energy Optimization

+50% CO2 emissions reduction of energy loss due to friction in dynamic interfaces

Process Optimization

+10% CO2 emissions reduction by change of part production processes


CO2 emissions from production companies is primary from scope 2 and 3 sources

The primary scopes which typically covers +90% of production companies CO2 emissions are targeted by RD8 services.

A brief look across product development and production companies shows that the primary drivers for CO2 emissions are scope 2 and 3. This is based upon looking at the baselines in companies’ latest sustainability / ESG reports. In some reports it was not possible to distinguish between scope 1 and 2 emission – in these cases data have been pooled together.

Scope 3 is by far the primary source to target for CO2 reductions. Read more about the scopes and how RD8 services affect the different scopes. The Novo Nordisk case is the one sample with the lowest Scope 2 and Scope 3 coverage. Novo Nordisk differentiates from the rest of the cases – probably due to that Novo Nordisk does do not only sell mechanical devices but also drugs.

A lot of the low-hanging fruits like reusing exhaust energy in production, installing solar panels, sorting garbage, reducing paper user, reduction of one-time cutlery, etc. which is actually not about the core of the companies business have been implemented. 

RD8 services target the actual product – the core – and the actual, primary, source of CO2 emissions. With respect to the Greenhouse Gas Emissions Protocol RD8 services target scope 2 and 3, especially scope 3.

We work with partners specializing in ESG/CSR to support ESG/CSR strategy, reporting, baselining, and much more.


Definition of a Green Design

There are many ways to reduce CO2 emissions. Read about our take on the link to the Greenhouse Gas Protocol.

We believe in sustainable solutions from a product point of view – making the actual product and production system better – in the sense that the product calls for less CO2 to perform its duty. 

Our robust design services do not focus on packaging, reuse of exhaust heat, buying CO2 quotes, etc.

We are to support your CSR (Corporate Social Responsibility) or ESG (Environmental, Social and Corporate Governance) strategy and goals by efforts within product and production design.

RD8 enablers

Sustainability in Design: Levers to Reduce CO2 Emissions

Green Materials

Reduction of material consumption

Upcycling & circular design

  • Modular robust design enabling replacement of modules and spare parts
  • Robust design enabling disassembly

Downstream activities

Part production

Robustness Philosophy

Axiomatic design & classic robust design on top of a foundation of kinematic design.

Design for sensitivity, complexity reduction and decoupling – based on a kinematic design foundation.

RD8 Robust Design Philosophy